Missouri Sales and USE TAX

Sales Tax

Sales tax is imposed on retail sales of tangible personal property and certain services. All sales of tangible personal property and taxable services are generally presumed taxable unless specifically exempted by law. Persons making retail sales collect the sales tax from the purchaser and remit the tax to the Department of Revenue. The state sales tax rate is 4.225%. Cities, counties and certain districts may also impose local sales taxes as well, so the amount of tax sellers collect from the purchaser depends on the combined state and local rate at the location of the seller. The state and local sales taxes are remitted together to the Department of Revenue. Once the seller remits sales tax to the department, the department then distributes the local sales taxes remitted by the sellers to the cities, counties and districts.

Use Tax

Use tax is imposed on the storage, use or consumption of tangible personal property in this state. The state use tax rate is 4.225%. Cities and counties may impose an additional local use tax. The amount of use tax due on a transaction depends on the combined (local and state) use tax rate in effect at the Missouri location where the tangible personal property is stored, used or consumed. Local use taxes are distributed in the same manner as sales taxes.

Unlike sales tax, which requires a sale at retail in Missouri, use tax is imposed directly upon the person that stores, uses, or consumes tangible personal property in Missouri. Use tax does not apply if the purchase is from a Missouri retailer and subject to Missouri sales tax.

Missouri cannot require out-of-state companies that do not have nexus or a “direct connection” with the state to collect and remit use tax. If an out-of -state seller does not collect use tax from the purchaser, the purchaser is responsible for remitting the use tax to Missouri.

A seller not engaged in business is not required to collect Missouri tax but the purchaser in these instances is responsible for remitting use tax to Missouri. A purchaser is required to file a use tax return if the cumulative purchases subject to use tax exceed two thousand dollars in a calendar year.

Any vendor and its affiliates selling tangible personal property to Missouri customers should collect and pay sales or use tax in order to be eligible to receive Missouri state contracts, regardless of whether that vendor or affiliate has nexus with Missouri.

Section 34.040.6 states, “The commissioner of administration and other agencies to which the state purchasing law applies shall not contract for goods or services with a vendor if the vendor or an affiliate of the vendor makes sales at retail of tangible personal property or for the purpose of storage, use, or consumption in this state but fails to collect and properly pay the tax as provided in chapter 144, RSMo. For purposes of this section, “affiliate of the vendor” shall mean any person or entity that is controlled by or is under common control with the vendor, whether through stock ownership or otherwise.”

Sales Tax Rate Changes

Access the latest sales and use tax rate changes for cities and counties. Local sales taxes are effective on the first day of the second calendar quarter after the Department of Revenue receives notification of the rate change (January, April, July, October). Local taxes can also have an expiration date, lowering the sales or use tax rate for that particular city or county. Expirations also take place on the first day of a calendar quarter (January, April, July, October). The Department of Revenue notifies every business impacted by any local sales or use tax rate change during the month prior to the effective date of the change.


Capital Gains Rates

Long Term Capital Gains Rates  0%, 5%, 15%, 25% or 28% depending on income level thru 12-31-2012

A look at the many CAPITAL GAINS RATES by Kay Bell • Bankrate.com • Bankrate’s Tax Guide

Money gurus are always preaching long-term investing. Not only will that give you a better shot at earning more, it’ll also get you a lower tax rate when you sell.

But exactly what capital gains tax rate you pay depends on several things, including when you bought the asset, when you sold it, your overall income level, and sometimes, what tax-code changes were made in the meantime.

Currently, capital gains are at historic lows. Some taxpayers in the two lowest tax brackets could end up without any capital gains tax bill. That’s right, zero capital gains for some filers.

Others will face tax rates of just 5 percent. Most investors will see their gains taxed at 15 percent. And 25 percent and 28 percent rates apply in special circumstances.

One thing all these tax levels do have in common is that they are known as long-term capital gains. This means they apply to assets that you hold for at least 366 days — more than one year.

The tax appeal of the long-term capital gains tax rate is that it is generally much lower than what you pay on your regular income. In fact, it is a taxpayer’s income level that generally determines which capital gains rate applies. And if your profit pushes you into a higher bracket, you could possibly be taxed at a combination of rates. And you could face yet another rate depending on the type of property you sell.

Zero capital gains taxes for some

On Jan. 1, 2008, the best of all possible tax rates — zero percent — took effect for investors in the 10 percent and 15 percent income tax brackets.

Previously these taxpayers had to pay Uncle Sam 5 percent of their long-term capital gains. Now any long-term assets they sell will be exempt from capital gains taxes.

Zero percent capital gains tax rate applies to

Filing status Maximum taxable income
Single or Married filing separately $34,000
Married filing jointly $68,000
Head of household $45,500

To qualify for the zero rate, you must own the asset for more than one year before you sell it.

While lower-income individuals aren’t typical investors, this tax benefit could help out folks such as retirees who have little or no taxable income. And the children of older individuals could combine the annual gift exclusion ($13,000 in 2010 and 2011) with this capital gains break and give appreciated long-term assets to their older parents.

15 percent tax rate for most

The zero percent rate is just the latest in a series of investor-friendly tax changes enacted during the George W. Bush administration. Prior to his taking office, investors whose overall income put them in the top four income tax brackets faced a long-term capital gains rate of 20 percent, while lower-income investors paid capital gains taxes of 10 percent.

Tax-law changes in May 2003, however, lowered the rates by 5 percent each, with the lower rate, as noted earlier, eventually being zeroed out in 2008. The lower rates were extended by the December 2010 tax bill through the 2012 tax year.

The changes have had the most effect on investors in the higher income ranges – 25 percent to 35 percent tax brackets. These individuals now find their capital gains taxed at 15 percent. This lower rate also applies to some dividends that stocks and mutual funds pay account holders. When you hear “lower capital gains rate,” it generally means this 15 percent level, because there are few investors with incomes low enough to qualify solely for the 5 percent, now zero percent, rate.

Remember, these rates are for long-term capital gains. In most cases, that means you have to hold an asset for more than a year before you sell it. If you cash it in sooner, you’ll be taxed at the short-term rate, which is the same as your ordinary income tax level and could be as high as 35 percent on 2010 returns.

25 percent capital gains rate

While the 5 percent (now zero percent) and 15 percent rates have received the most attention, at least on Capitol Hill, for the last few years there have been several other categories of capital gains taxes.

A rate of 25 percent applies to part of the gain from selling real estate you depreciated. Basically this keeps you from getting a double tax break. The Internal Revenue Service first wants to recapture some of the tax breaks you’ve been getting via depreciation throughout the years. You’ll have to complete the work sheet in the instructions for Schedule D to figure your gain (and tax rate) for this asset, known as Section 1250 property. More details on this type of holding and its taxation are available in IRS Publication 544, Sales and Other Dispositions of Assets.

28 percent capital gains rate

Two categories of capital gains are subject to this rate: small business stock and collectibles.

If you realized a gain from qualified small-business stock that you held more than five years, you generally can exclude one-half of your gain from income. The remainder is taxed at a 28 percent rate. If you’ve already hired a tax professional to help you sort out the 25 percent rate on depreciable property, she can help you figure this tax, too. Or you can get the specifics on gains on qualified small business stock in IRS Publication 550, Investment Income and Expenses.

If your gains came from collectibles rather than a business sale, you’ll still pay the 28 percent rate. This includes proceeds from the sale of a work of art, antiques, gems, stamps, coins, precious metals and even pricey wine or brandy collections.

More rate changes to come?

The capital gains tax rates are set through Dec. 31, 2012, but there continues to be a push by some in Washington, D.C., to return at least the top capital gains tax rate to the prior 20 percent level.

That decision will hinge in large part on the economy and future congressional and presidential elections.

With Congress continually tweaking investment tax laws, what’s an investor to do? Most financial experts say to take advantage of today’s lower rates while they are around and when they fit into your portfolio plans.

But don’t forget about the Dec. 31, 2012, deadline. And definitely keep an eye on federal tax-law writers in the interim.